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Promoting academic engagement: university context and individual characteristics

Zhiyan Zhao, Anders Broström and Jianfeng Cai
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Zhiyan Zhao: Northwestern Polytechnical University
Jianfeng Cai: Northwestern Polytechnical University

The Journal of Technology Transfer, 2020, vol. 45, issue 1, No 13, 304-337

Abstract: Abstract This paper aims to explore the impact of organizational context on individuals’ industry activities in Chinese universities. Academic engagement, which includes collaborative research, contract research, consulting and other informal outreach activities, is posited as being jointly determined by organizational and individual level factors. Based on 564 Chinese scientists’ survey responses, our results show that scientists perceiving their university as having a strong entrepreneurial mission or supportive policy context are more active in academic engagement. This relationship is, however, moderated by individual-level factors. Specifically, entrepreneurially oriented university missions and supportive policy are more strongly associated with intra-individual differences in academic engagement for junior scientists, and for scientists with established personal networks to industry. Our analysis also shows that several individual-level predictors of academic engagement identified in studies set in Europe and the US carry over to the Chinese context.

Keywords: Academic engagement; Entrepreneurial mission; Policy context; Individual characteristics (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: J18 L52 O31 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2020
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DOI: 10.1007/s10961-018-9680-6

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