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Robotisation of the manufacturing industries in the EU: Convergence or divergence?

Andre Jungmittag

The Journal of Technology Transfer, 2021, vol. 46, issue 5, No 1, 1269-1290

Abstract: Abstract This paper investigates whether convergence or divergence of robot densities in the manufacturing industries of 24 EU countries occurred over the period from 1995 to 2015. An answer to this question permits immediate conclusions with regard to the success of convergence of labour productivities within the manufacturing industries of the EU, since it is expected that the use of robots will contribute to the growth of labour productivity. The empirical analysis is based on the robot data of the International Federation of Robotics and uses the convergence testing approach proposed by Rodrik (Q J Econ 128(1):165–204, 2013). Taking all results together, empirical evidence points to non-convergence of robot densities for a first period from 1995 to 2005, while there is relatively fast conditional as well as unconditional convergence for the second period from 2005 to 2015.

Keywords: Convergence; Labour productivity; Robots; European Union (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: C21 C23 L6 O33 O47 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2021
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DOI: 10.1007/s10961-020-09819-0

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