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Currency Misalignments in the BRIICS Countries: Fixed Vs. Floating Exchange Rates

Nikolaos Giannellis () and Minoas Koukouritakis ()

Open Economies Review, 2018, vol. 29, issue 5, No 8, 1123-1151

Abstract: Abstract In the present paper we attempt to investigate whether the real effective exchange rates of the BRIICS countries, namely Brazil, Russia, India, Indonesia, China and South Africa, converge or not to their equilibrium levels. Our analysis is based on the use of an external balance model as well as the implementation of recent panel cointegration techniques. Our evidence indicates the existence of a valid long-run relationship between the real effective exchange rate, the net foreign assets, the GDP differential and the real interest rate differential for each of the six countries of our sample. Furthermore, our empirical results imply that after the adoption of a free floating exchange rate regime by Brazil, Russia, India, Indonesia and South Africa and the liberalisation of the Chinese exchange rate policy that took place during the last decade, currency misalignments have been gradually reduced, leading the real effective exchange rates of the respective currencies very close to their equilibrium levels.

Keywords: BRIICS; External balance model; Panel cointegration; Misalignment rate; Fixed vs. floating exchange rates (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: E42 F31 F41 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2018
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DOI: 10.1007/s11079-018-9477-0

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