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Married women’s added worker effect during the 2008 economic crisis—The case of Turkey

Sinem H. Ayhan ()
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Sinem H. Ayhan: Institute of Labor Economics (IZA)

Review of Economics of the Household, 2018, vol. 16, issue 3, 767-790

Abstract: Abstract This paper analyzes the labor supply response of married women as a result of their husbands’ job losses (‘added worker effect’). The study uses panel data from Turkey to test the presence of an added worker effect during the global economic crisis of 2008. Identification is achieved by an instrumental variable approach. In particular, an exogenous variation in the output of male-dominated sectors induced by the crisis is used as an instrument for the husbands’ unemployment. Results show that the probability of a woman participating in the labor force increases by 15–28% in response to her husband’s unemployment. However, the effect is not contemporaneous; rather, it appears with a lag of one quarter and only operates for two quarters. The effect is mainly driven by financially-constrained (less-educated and young) couples, which suggests the prevalence of an income effect in spousal labor supply decisions.

Keywords: Spousal labor supply; Added worker effect; Gender; Economic crisis (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: J22 J16 D13 E32 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2018
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