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The Impact of Economic Shocks in the Rest of the World on South Africa: Evidence from a Global VAR

Annari De Waal and Renee van Eyden ()

Emerging Markets Finance and Trade, 2016, vol. 52, issue 3, 557-573

Abstract: The substantial change in South Africa’s trade patterns over the past two decades has affected the impact of economic shocks in major world economies on South Africa. To investigate the effect, we use a global vector autoregression (GVAR) model with time-varying trade weights to account for changing international trade linkages. We show that the long-term impact of a shock to Chinese GDP on South African GDP is much stronger in 2009 than in 1995, due to the substantial increase in South Africa’s trade with China since the mid-1990s. At the same time, the importance of the U.S. economy to South Africa diminished considerably. The results indicate one of the possible reasons why the recent global crisis did not affect South Africa as much as it affected developed economies. It also stresses the increased risk, to the South African and other economies, should China experience slower GDP growth.

Date: 2016
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Working Paper: The impact of economic shocks in the rest of the world on South Africa: Evidence from a global VAR (2013) Downloads
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DOI: 10.1080/1540496X.2015.1103141

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