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The Determinants of Judiciary Independence: Evidence from the Italian Constitutional Court (1956-2002)

Nadia Fiorino, Fabio Padovano () and Grazia Sgarra

Journal of Institutional and Theoretical Economics (JITE), 2007, vol. 163, issue 4, 683-705

Abstract: This paper tests the explanatory power of alternative theories on the determinants of judiciary independence using annual and decision-based data on the Italian Constitutional Court. The estimates show that structural measures of judiciary independence, such as the share of constitutional judges elected by theranks of the professional judiciary and the age of justices, are positively correlated with independent behavior of the Court. Contrary to previous studieson a similar sample, we find that the Court counteracts the greater cohesion of the other government branches with more independent behavior, improving theeffectiveness of the system of checks and balances.

JEL-codes: D72 H1 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2007
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