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Structural framework conditions and individual motivations for youth-mobility: A macro-micro level approach for different European country-types

Karen Hemming, Tabea Schlimbach, Frank Tillmann, Birte Nienaber, Monica Roman () and Jan Skrobanek
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Karen Hemming: German Youth Institute, Deutsches Jugendinstitut, e.V., Germany
Tabea Schlimbach: German Youth Institute, Germany
Frank Tillmann: German Youth Institute, Germany
Birte Nienaber: University of Luxembourg, Luxembourg
Jan Skrobanek: University of Bergen, Norway

Migration Letters, 2019, vol. 16, issue 1, 45-59

Abstract: European youth mobility seems to be fostering Europe’s unequal pace of integration, which sees certain countries benefit at the expense of others (Ohmacht et al., 2009; van Mol & Timmerman, 2014). Using a comparative approach, the paper aims to relate a macro-level country-typology focussing on human capital with individual mobility-motivations on the micro-level. Our methodological approach is based on a secondary macro-data analysis and analyses of mobility-motivations of young people (micro-data) deriving from qualitative (N=152) and quantitative data (N=5,499) collected in six European countries. In order to examine correspondence between macro-conditions and micro-aspects, we relate information on mobility-motivations to the country-typology by allocating mobile youth to the respective types of their home country. The results show that the country-types compose different opportunity structures, which are reflected in individual motivations. Accordingly, different country-types can be seen as an example of the heterogeneity and inequality of European social and territorial mobility frames.

Keywords: European youth mobility; micro-macro level approach; human capital; mobility motivations; multiple methods (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2019
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