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Women and Tariffs: Testing the Gender Gap Hypothesis in a Downs-Mayer Political-Economy Model

H Keith Hall, Chihwa Kao () and Douglas Nelson ()

Economic Inquiry, 1998, vol. 36, issue 2, 320-32

Abstract: This paper tests a variant of the standard endogenous tariff model under direct democracy (the Downs-Mayer model) with a gender gap. Specifically, the authors argue that, if there is a division of economic activity between men and women and political preferences are affected by one's relationship to the economy, there will be a gender gap in political activity. They test this hypothesis with respect to the effect of political enfranchisement of women on the level of the U.S. tariff. The empirical results strongly support the hypothesis. Copyright 1998 by Oxford University Press.

Date: 1998
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Handle: RePEc:oup:ecinqu:v:36:y:1998:i:2:p:320-32