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Comparing EU and US trade liberalisation under the Uruguay Round Agreement on Agriculture

Jean-Christophe Bureau, L Fulponi and Luca Salvatici ()

European Review of Agricultural Economics, 2000, vol. 27, issue 3, 259-280

Abstract: We take bound tariffs under the Uruguay Round Agreement on Agriculture (URAA) as the starting point and attempt to measure how much liberalisation in agriculture will be achieved by the European Union (EU) and the US by the end of the implementation period of the Agreement. Using the Trade Restrictiveness Index (TRI) and the Mercantilistic Trade Restrictiveness Index (MTRI) as indicators, we assess the tariff structures chosen by the EU and the US in terms of their welfare and market access impacts. The effects of the actual UR Agreement commitments are compared with alternative tariff reduction schemes such as the 'Swiss formula' and a uniform reduction in tariffs. Copyright 2000, Oxford University Press.

Date: 2000
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European Review of Agricultural Economics is currently edited by Christoph Weiss, Thomas Heckelei and Paolo Sckokai

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Handle: RePEc:oup:erevae:v:27:y:2000:i:3:p:259-280