Shifting Tax Burdens through Exemptions and Evasion: an Empirical Investigation of Uganda
Bernard Gauthier () and
Ritva Reinikka ()
Journal of African Economies, 2006, vol. 15, issue 3, 373-398
This paper investigates the impacts of tax reforms implemented in Uganda in the mid-1990s on the prevalence of tax evasion and exemptions among firms, and their effects on the distribution and dispersion of tax burdens. Based on firm-level data collected from 243 firms, we observe that evasion and exemptions were widespread and that their prevalence actually increased during tax reforms. We use three-stage least squares to simultaneously estimate tax burdens, evasion and exemption patterns in 1995 and 1997. We find that tax exemptions benefit large businesses to a disproportionate degree, while evasion is more common among small businesses. This creates a situation in which medium-sized firms shoulder a disproportionate tax burden. Copyright 2006, Oxford University Press.
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Working Paper: Shifting tax burdens through exemptions and evasion - an empirical investigation of Uganda (2001)
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:oup:jafrec:v:15:y:2006:i:3:p:373-398
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