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Fiscal and Monetary Determinants of Inflation in Low-Income Countries: Theory and Evidence from Sub-Saharan Africa-super- †

Alfredo Baldini () and Marcos Poplawski-Ribeiro ()

Journal of African Economies, 2011, vol. 20, issue 3, 419-462

Abstract: This paper presents a model of fiscal dominance with borrowing constraints and provides new evidence for a large number of Sub-Saharan African countries on the relative importance of fiscal and monetary determinants of inflation. Based on different empirical tests, results show that half of the twenty-two SSA countries were characterised in 1980–2005 by lack of clear anti-inflationary monetary and fiscal policies. The other half of the sample was characterised by either a fiscal-dominant regime, with weak or no response of primary surpluses to public debt, or by consistent adoption of a monetary-dominant regime. Copyright 2011 , Oxford University Press.

Date: 2011
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Handle: RePEc:oup:jafrec:v:20:y:2011:i:3:p:419-462