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A Theory of Misgovernance

Abhijit V. Banerjee

The Quarterly Journal of Economics, 1997, vol. 112, issue 4, 1289-1332

Abstract: This paper tries to explain why government bureaucracies are often associated with red tape, corruption, and lack of incentives. The paper identifies two specific ingredients that together can provide an explanation: the fact that governments often act precisely in situations where markets fail and the presence of agency problems within the government. We show that these problems are exacerbated at low levels of development and in bureaucracies dealing with poor people. We also argue that we need to posit the existence of a welfare-oriented constituency within the government in order to explain red tape and corruption.

Date: 1997
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