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The Relationship Between Education and Adult Mortality in the United States

Adriana Lleras-Muney

Review of Economic Studies, 2005, vol. 72, issue 1, 189-221

Abstract: Prior research has uncovered a large and positive correlation between education and health. This paper examines whether education has a causal impact on health. I follow synthetic cohorts using successive U.S. censuses to estimate the impact of educational attainment on mortality rates. I use compulsory education laws from 1915 to 1939 as instruments for education. The results suggest that education has a causal impact on mortality, and that this effect is perhaps larger than has been previously estimated in the literature. Copyright 2005, Wiley-Blackwell.

Date: 2005
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