EconPapers    
Economics at your fingertips  
 

Do Population Control Policies Induce More Human Capital Investment? Twins, Birth Weight and China's "One-Child" Policy

Mark Rosenzweig and Junsen Zhang

Review of Economic Studies, 2009, vol. 76, issue 3, 1149-1174

Abstract: In this paper, we address the issues of whether reductions in fertility increase human capital investments per child and whether twinning can identify the quantity—quality (Q-Q) trade-off. We show that estimates of the effects of twinning at higher parities on the outcomes of older children in prior studies do not identify family-size effects but are confounded by inter-child allocation effects because of the endowment deficit and close spacing of twins. However, examining the effects of twinning by birth order, net of the effects stemming from the endowment deficit of twins, can provide upper and lower bounds on the trade-off between the family size and average child quality. Our estimates, based on data from China, indicate that an extra child at parity one or at parity two, net of one component of birth-endowment effects associated with birth weight, significantly decreases the schooling progress, the expected college enrolment, grades in school and the assessed health of all children in the family. Despite the evident significant trade-off between number of children and child quality in China, the findings suggest that the contribution of the one-child policy in China to the development of its human capital was modest. Copyright , Wiley-Blackwell.

Date: 2009
References: Add references at CitEc
Citations: View citations in EconPapers (129) Track citations by RSS feed

Downloads: (external link)
http://hdl.handle.net/10.1111/j.1467-937X.2009.00563.x (application/pdf)
Access to full text is restricted to subscribers.

Related works:
Working Paper: Do Population Control Policies Induce More Human Capital Investment? Twins, Birthweight, and China's 'One Child' Policy (2006) Downloads
Working Paper: Do Population Control Policies Induce More Human Capital Investment? Twins, Birthweight, and China's 'One Child' Policy (2006) Downloads
Working Paper: Do Population Control Policies Induce More Human Capital Investment? Twins, Birthweight, and China's 'One Child' Policy (2006) Downloads
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.

Export reference: BibTeX RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan) HTML/Text

Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:oup:restud:v:76:y:2009:i:3:p:1149-1174

Access Statistics for this article

Review of Economic Studies is currently edited by Andrea Prat, Bruno Biais, Kjetil Storesletten and Enrique Sentana

More articles in Review of Economic Studies from Oxford University Press
Bibliographic data for series maintained by Oxford University Press ().

 
Page updated 2019-07-05
Handle: RePEc:oup:restud:v:76:y:2009:i:3:p:1149-1174