Economics at your fingertips  

Zero-Leverage Puzzle: An International Comparison

Sadok El Ghoul, Omrane Guedhami, Chuck Kwok and Xiaolan Zheng

Review of Finance, 2018, vol. 22, issue 3, 1063-1120

Abstract: Using a large sample of firms from developed and developing countries over the 1990–2010 period, we document evidence of zero-leverage firms around the world. Further, we find strong and robust evidence that in countries with high scores on Schwartz’s Conservatism and Mastery indices as well as high levels of trust, firms are more likely to employ a zero-leverage policy, after controlling for various firm- and country-level determinants of leverage. Finally, we find that firms with zero leverage have a lower cost of equity capital in countries where a zero-leverage policy is more compatible with the local culture.

Keywords: Capital structure; Debt financing; Zero leverage; Informal institutions (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2018
References: Add references at CitEc
Citations: View citations in EconPapers (1) Track citations by RSS feed

Downloads: (external link) (application/pdf)
Access to full text is restricted to subscribers.

Related works:
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.

Export reference: BibTeX RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan) HTML/Text

Persistent link:

Ordering information: This journal article can be ordered from

Access Statistics for this article

Review of Finance is currently edited by Josef ZechnerEditor-Name: Marco Pagano

More articles in Review of Finance from European Finance Association Oxford University Press, Great Clarendon Street, Oxford OX2 6DP, UK. Contact information at EDIRC.
Bibliographic data for series maintained by Oxford University Press ().

Page updated 2019-11-24
Handle: RePEc:oup:revfin:v:22:y:2018:i:3:p:1063-1120.