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Marriage and Citizenship Among U.S. Immigrants: Who Marries Whom and Who Becomes a Citizen?

Eva Dziadula ()
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Eva Dziadula: University of Notre Dame

Eastern Economic Journal, 2020, vol. 46, issue 1, 34-52

Abstract: Abstract The existing assimilation literature shows that having a U.S.-born spouse, relative to a foreign-born spouse, is associated with a higher probability of becoming a U.S. citizen (naturalization). However, the foreign-born spouses are a heterogeneous group. I disaggregate them by identifying their citizenship status in the U.S. and document that it plays a larger role than simply their place of birth. The relative hazard of naturalization among immigrants with a citizen spouse, U.S.-born or foreign-born, is more than double the hazard of immigrants married to a noncitizen spouse. In fact, the largest increase in the naturalization hazard among immigrants in the U.S. is associated with foreign-born citizen spouses.

Keywords: Marriage; Immigration; Citizenship; Naturalization (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: J12 J15 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2020
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DOI: 10.1057/s41302-019-00150-7

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