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When Social Norms Influence the Employment of Women: The Case of Japan

Sanae Tashiro () and Chu-Ping Lo
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Sanae Tashiro: Rhode Island College
Chu-Ping Lo: National Taiwan University

Eastern Economic Journal, 2020, vol. 46, issue 3, No 4, 460-482

Abstract: Abstract This paper provides a simple model of social norms and performs cohort analyses to test its theoretical predictions with Heckman’s sample selection model using the 1993–2014 Japanese Panel Survey of Consumers data. Our results suggest that obedience to the society’s code of behavior is fairly prevalent among Japanese women, but the degree of adherence varies by birth cohort and also is influenced by educational quality and standards. Estimates further show an inverse relationship between adherence to social norms and labor force participation among Japanese women, and the effect of obedience to social norms on wages varies by birth cohort.

Keywords: Employment; Labor supply; Wage; Social norms (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: J16 J21 J31 Z13 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2020
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DOI: 10.1057/s41302-019-00154-3

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