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What are the Long-Term Effects of Prenatal Air Pollution Exposure? Evidence from the BHPS

Patrick Gourley ()
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Patrick Gourley: The University of New Haven

Eastern Economic Journal, 2020, vol. 46, issue 4, No 4, 603-635

Abstract: Abstract The detrimental impacts of air pollution on human health are significant. Pollution increases mortality in the elderly and reduces worker productivity. While a consensus is beginning to emerge on the contemporaneous effects of air pollution, the long-term effects are still largely unknown. By combining restricted data from a comprehensive national survey with historical pollution data, I plausibly isolate the impact of prenatal particulate matter exposure on adult outcomes. I find that those with higher levels of prenatal exposure during the second trimester of gestation are more likely to be disabled, earn lower wages, and have worse health.

Keywords: Air pollution; Disability; Wages; Health (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: Q52 Q53 I18 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2020
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DOI: 10.1057/s41302-020-00173-5

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Handle: RePEc:pal:easeco:v:46:y:2020:i:4:d:10.1057_s41302-020-00173-5