Integrity Fees in Sports Betting Markets
Craig Depken and
John M. Gandar ()
Additional contact information
John M. Gandar: UNC Charlotte
Eastern Economic Journal, 2021, vol. 47, issue 1, No 4, 76-90
Abstract Sports leagues have requested state legislatures to pass so-called integrity fees or taxes on the entire amount bet on their games, ostensibly to provide resources to protect against game fixing and other corrupt behavior. These fees might just augment league revenues. Integrity fees have different consequences if they are placed on a sports book’s handle or hold. We model one possible consequence of an integrity fee placed on the handle, that sports books might be motivated to avoid pushes, after which they have no hold but face a tax liability. One approach moves to half-point lines which eliminate pushes but might be second best in terms of betting market efficiency. As a case study, we describe the characteristics of recent betting lines in four North American sports. Based on predicted pushes, actual pushes, half-point lines, and the intertemporal correlation between the annual number of pushes and the annual number of half-point lines, it appears that sports books already actively set lines that avoid pushes and could easily adjust to half-point lines motivated by integrity fees.
Keywords: Sports gambling; Taxation; NCAA football; NCAA basketball; NFL; NBA (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: L83 Z21 H26 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations: View citations in EconPapers (1) Track citations by RSS feed
Downloads: (external link)
http://link.springer.com/10.1057/s41302-020-00179-z Abstract (text/html)
Access to full text is restricted to subscribers.
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.
Export reference: BibTeX
RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan)
Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:pal:easeco:v:47:y:2021:i:1:d:10.1057_s41302-020-00179-z
Ordering information: This journal article can be ordered from
Access Statistics for this article
Eastern Economic Journal is currently edited by Allan Zebedee and Cynthia Bansak
More articles in Eastern Economic Journal from Palgrave Macmillan, Eastern Economic Association Contact information at EDIRC.
Bibliographic data for series maintained by Sonal Shukla () and Springer Nature Abstracting and Indexing ().