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Interaction between population and Enviromental Degradation

Mohsin Ahmad, Usman Azhar, Syed Ashraf Wasti and Zeeshan Inam
Additional contact information
Usman Azhar: Faculty of Management Sciences, Balochistan University of Information Technology, Quetta.
Syed Ashraf Wasti: Applied Economics Research centre (AERC), University of Karachi, Karachi.
Zeeshan Inam: University of Karachi, Karachi.

The Pakistan Development Review, 2005, vol. 44, issue 4, 1135-1150

Abstract: The present study investigates the long-run interrelationship among the demographic variables and environmental indicators by using the Johansen-Juselius cointegration technique and error correction model to determine the short-run dynamics of the system related to time series data for Pakistan economy, over the period 1972–2001. The paper finds the existence of a cointegrating vector, indicating a valid long-run relationship among the variables. Moreover, demographic variables have a significant effect in the short-run on AL but their short-run coefficients have an insignificant impact on CO2 emission. The empirical evidence clearly support that high population growth rates have a deleterious impact on environment. The policy implication thereof is to enhance the need of lowering population in Pakistan which seems to be a burden on the existing resources and a challenge to the environment.

Date: 2005
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