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Multinationals and domestic firms in France:who gains from knowledge spillovers?

Pierre Blanchard () and Claude Mathieu ()
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Pierre Blanchard: Université Paris-Est, ERUDITE (EA 437), UPEC,94010 Créteil, France

Review of Agricultural, Food and Environmental Studies, 2016, vol. 97, issue 2, 109-125

Abstract: This paper aims to evaluate the direction, nature,and magnitude of spillovers between foreign-owned firmsand French firms from firm-level panel data. We estimateproduction functions at the firm level using the recent struc-tural techniques suggested in Ackerberg et al. (2006 ). Fromour results, three main conclusions can be drawn. First, spill-overs are at work in all research-intensive sectors, althoughthey have very weak effects in the less knowledge-based sec-tors. Second, foreign-owned firms belonging to high- andmedium-technology manufacturing industries that are set upin France benefit from horizontal spillovers, suggesting a tech-nology sourcing activity of foreign multinationals. Third, in-ward foreign investment increases the total factor productivityof French firms supplying inputs to multinationals (backwardspillovers) only in high- and medium-technology manufactur-ing industries and after 4 years.

Keywords: Productivity.FDI; and; reverse; spillovers.Multinationals.Domestic; firms.Panel; data (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2016
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