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The distribution of hospital capacities in the face of the covid-19 pandemic in Mexico

Sazcha-Marcelo Olivera (), Christopher Heard and Alethea-Gabriela Candia
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Sazcha-Marcelo Olivera: Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana de México, Unidad Cuajimalpa
Christopher Heard: Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana de México, Unidad Cuajimalpa
Alethea-Gabriela Candia: Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana de México, Unidad Cuajimalpa

BizEcons Quarterly, 2020, vol. 14, 3-17

Abstract: This study aims to identify the hospital coverage at the municipal level, from the analysis of the infrastructure and personnel available and their possibilities of expansion, to avoid overload hospital capacity due to the increased demand for critical care, because of the COVID-19 pandemic in Mexico. The study uses the Shapley method, a series of indexes constructed to target the most vulnerable municipalities in the health sector before, during, and after the pandemic, which, in turn, makes possible the development of mitigation measures that could be used to absorb the impacts of this contingency. Concerning municipalities with high and medium exposure, it is highlighted that although cities and metropolitan areas have the necessary health resources, they are not prepared to cover a high demand of patient hospitalization. In the present analysis, it is recommended to continue with policies of social distancing to mitigate the spread of the disease until the needs for attending the demand are met.

Keywords: COVID-19; hospital coverage; vulnerability; resilience; Mexico (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: H11 I14 I15 N36 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2020
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