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The Impact of Nigeria’s New Pensions Reform on National Savings: Empirical Evidence

Werikechukwu J. Okweshine () and Hilary T. Kanwanye ()
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Werikechukwu J. Okweshine: University of Benin
Hilary T. Kanwanye: University of Benin

Tanzanian Economic Review, 2019, vol. 9, issue 1, 113-132

Abstract: The study used a simple Keynesian macroeconomic framework to examine the effect of the new pension reform scheme on national savings in Nigeria during 2007-2016. Annual data of the relevant variables were obtained from secondary sources that include the National Pension Commission (Pencom), National Bureau of Statistics 2016, World Bank country data 2016, and the Central Bank of Nigeria bulletin 2016. The ordinary least squares (OLS) regression technique was utilized for the analyses. Empirical results show that pension assets have a significant negative effect on national saving, hence, an increase in pension assets hinders the growth of national savings in Nigeria. This situation can be explained by the continuous pension debt paid by the government to individuals who transited from the old to the new pension scheme. The results also show that income and deposit rates have a significant positive impact on savings. Finally, budget deficit and national savings are inversely related, with the former having a significant influence on the latter. The study recommends that the government should finance pension debt using tax; and that the pension fund should be invested in infrastructural development.

Keywords: funded systems; transition; life-cycle model; tax financing; infrastructural development (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: G23 H55 H75 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2019
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