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The reintegration of ex-combatants and post-conflict violence. An analysis of municipal crime levels in Colombia

Andrea González Peña and Han Dorussen
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Andrea González Peña: Universidad Central, Colombia
Han Dorussen: University of Essex, UK

Conflict Management and Peace Science, 2021, vol. 38, issue 3, 316-337

Abstract: Violent crime in Colombia is analyzed following the demobilization of ex-combatants using municipal-level data. The main findings are that an increased presence of ex-combatants does not systematically increase homicides, but may increase robberies. Reintegration programs are shown to matter. Former paramilitaries who are not in a reintegration program increase crime. Former guerillas increase robberies, regardless of whether they are in or out of reintegration, but homicides decrease for guerrillas in reintegration. Ex-combatants often settle in municipalities with more crime. Controlling for reverse causality, ex-combatants only increase crime if they are not in reintegration, while in reintegration they may reduce crime.

Keywords: 2SLS; Colombia; crime rates; demobilization; reintegration; post-conflict violence (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2021
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DOI: 10.1177/0738894219894701

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Handle: RePEc:sae:compsc:v:38:y:2021:i:3:p:316-337