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Producer firms, technology diffusion and spillovers to local suppliers: Examining the effects of Foreign Direct Investment and the technology gap

Jacob Jordaan ()

Environment and Planning A, 2017, vol. 49, issue 12, 2718-2738

Abstract: In this paper, we conduct a detailed examination of the effects of Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) and the technology gap on local technology dissemination and spillovers. Using unique firm level data from surveys among FDI firms and domestic producer firms and a random sample of their suppliers in the North East of Mexico, we present new evidence showing that the effects of FDI and the technology gap are multi-faceted. FDI firms are significantly more involved in technology transfers. Their suppliers are more likely to experience positive spillovers, even when we control for the support that they receive. A large technology gap has a negative effect on technology diffusion. However, suppliers of FDI firms are more likely to receive several types of technology transfer when the technology gap with their client firms is large. As for local spillovers, we find that a large technology gap fosters positive spillovers, especially among suppliers of FDI firms and among those suppliers that are best suited to absorb new technologies.

Keywords: Foreign Direct Investment; technology diffusion; spillovers; technology gap; local suppliers; Mexico (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2017
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Handle: RePEc:sae:envira:v:49:y:2017:i:12:p:2718-2738