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Redshirting, Compulsory Schooling Laws, and Educational Attainment

Dionissi Aliprantis

Journal of Educational and Behavioral Statistics, 2012, vol. 37, issue 2, 316-338

Abstract: A wide literature uses date of birth as an instrument to study the causal effects of educational attainment. This paper shows how parents delaying their children’s initial enrollment in kindergarten, a practice known as redshirting, can make estimates obtained through this identification framework all but impossible to interpret. A latent index model is used to illustrate how the monotonicity assumption in this framework is violated if redshirting decisions are made in a setting of essential heterogeneity. Empirical evidence is presented from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study, Kindergarten Class (ECLS-K) data set that favors this scenario; redshirting is common and heterogeneity in the treatment effect of educational attainment is likely a factor in parents' redshirting decisions.

Keywords: instrumental variable; local average treatment effect; average causal response; essential heterogeneity; monotonicity; latent index model (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2012
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Working Paper: Redshirting, compulsory schooling laws, and educational attainment (2010) Downloads
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