Redshirting, Compulsory Schooling Laws, and Educational Attainment
Journal of Educational and Behavioral Statistics, 2012, vol. 37, issue 2, 316-338
A wide literature uses date of birth as an instrument to study the causal effects of educational attainment. This paper shows how parents delaying their childrenâ€™s initial enrollment in kindergarten, a practice known as redshirting, can make estimates obtained through this identification framework all but impossible to interpret. A latent index model is used to illustrate how the monotonicity assumption in this framework is violated if redshirting decisions are made in a setting of essential heterogeneity. Empirical evidence is presented from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study, Kindergarten Class (ECLS-K) data set that favors this scenario; redshirting is common and heterogeneity in the treatment effect of educational attainment is likely a factor in parents' redshirting decisions.
Keywords: instrumental variable; local average treatment effect; average causal response; essential heterogeneity; monotonicity; latent index model (search for similar items in EconPapers)
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Working Paper: Redshirting, compulsory schooling laws, and educational attainment (2010)
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:sae:jedbes:v:37:y:2012:i:2:p:316-338
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