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Ethnicity, Political Systems, and Civil Wars

Marta Reynal-Querol
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Marta Reynal-Querol: Institut d'Analisis Economic (IAE), CSIC

Journal of Conflict Resolution, 2002, vol. 46, issue 1, 29-54

Abstract: The effect of ethnic division on civil war and the role of political systems in preventing these conflicts are analyzed, using the importance of religious polarization and animist diversity to explain the incidence of ethnic civil war. Findings show that religious differences are a social cleavage more important than linguistic differences in the development of civil war, and being a consociational democracy significantly reduces the incidence of ethnic civil war.

Date: 2002
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