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Opportunity, Democracy, and the Exchange of Political Violence

Alok Bohara, Neil J. Mitchell and Mani Nepal ()
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Neil J. Mitchell: Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Scotland

Journal of Conflict Resolution, 2006, vol. 50, issue 1, 108-128

Abstract: With more than 12,000 deaths in nine years, a homegrown Maoist insurgency, reinforced by ethnic and socioeconomic cleavages, has resulted in high levels of political violence and human rights violations in Nepal. With fresh district-level data and drawing on theoretical insights from both the conflict and human rights literatures, research that has relied primarily on cross-national comparisons, the authors develop and test hypotheses using a subnational research design. They find an exchange of violence between government and opposition forces that depends on the political and geographical opportunities for violence. Their findings contribute new evidence for the importance of geography but also suggest that democracy and social capital influence the selection of violence by both government and opposition.

Keywords: Nepal; democracy and social capital; Maoist insurgency; civil war; human rights (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2006
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Handle: RePEc:sae:jocore:v:50:y:2006:i:1:p:108-128