The Effect of Political Regime on Civil War
James Vreeland ()
Journal of Conflict Resolution, 2008, vol. 52, issue 3, 401-425
Research published in the American Political Science Review shows that anocraciesâ€”as defined by the middle of the Polity index of political regimeâ€”are more susceptible to civil war than are either pure democracies or pure dictatorships. Yet, certain components of the Polity index include a factional category, where political competition is ``intense, hostile, and frequently violent. Extreme factionalism may be manifested in the establishment of rival governments and in civil war'' (Gurr 1989, 12). Not surprisingly, these components exhibit a strong relationship with civil war. When they are removed from the Polity index, however, the original relationship disappears. I conclude that the original finding is not driven by the relationship between political institutions and civil war but rather by a less provocative relationship between political violence and civil war.
Keywords: civil war; Polity; anocracy; political regime measurement (search for similar items in EconPapers)
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:sae:jocore:v:52:y:2008:i:3:p:401-425
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