Guys and Gals Going for Gold
Aaron Lowen (),
Robert O. Deaner and
Journal of Sports Economics, 2016, vol. 17, issue 3, 260-285
We test the hypothesis that womenâ€™s empowerment correlates with womenâ€™s international athletic success. Greater gender equality (measured using the Gender Inequality Index) is associated with higher participation and medal counts in the Summer Olympic Games from 1996 through 2012. This relationship persists even after controlling for previously identified nation-level predictors of Olympic success and across alternative measures of success (such as shares of the total, percentage within each country, and medals per athlete). These results provide direct evidence for the long-standing claim that girlsâ€™ and womenâ€™s international athletic achievement is linked to womenâ€™s empowerment.
Keywords: gender equality; athletic performance; Gender Inequality Index; Olympics; Title IX; sex differences (search for similar items in EconPapers)
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:sae:jospec:v:17:y:2016:i:3:p:260-285
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