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Guys and Gals Going for Gold

Aaron Lowen (), Robert O. Deaner and Erika Schmitt

Journal of Sports Economics, 2016, vol. 17, issue 3, 260-285

Abstract: We test the hypothesis that women’s empowerment correlates with women’s international athletic success. Greater gender equality (measured using the Gender Inequality Index) is associated with higher participation and medal counts in the Summer Olympic Games from 1996 through 2012. This relationship persists even after controlling for previously identified nation-level predictors of Olympic success and across alternative measures of success (such as shares of the total, percentage within each country, and medals per athlete). These results provide direct evidence for the long-standing claim that girls’ and women’s international athletic achievement is linked to women’s empowerment.

Keywords: gender equality; athletic performance; Gender Inequality Index; Olympics; Title IX; sex differences (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2016
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:sae:jospec:v:17:y:2016:i:3:p:260-285

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