Economics at your fingertips  

Neighbourhood deprivation, life satisfaction and earnings: Comparative analyses of neighbourhood effects at bespoke scales

Gundi Knies, Patricia C Melo and Min Zhang
Additional contact information
Gundi Knies: University of Essex, UK
Patricia C Melo: University of Lisbon, Portugal
Min Zhang: University of Cambridge, UK

Urban Studies, 2021, vol. 58, issue 13, 2640-2659

Abstract: Neighbourhood socioeconomic disadvantage has a profound impact on individuals’ earnings and life satisfaction. Since definitions of the neighbourhood and research designs vary greatly across studies, it is difficult to ascertain which neighbourhoods and outcomes matter the most. By conducting parallel analyses of the impact of neighbourhood deprivation on life satisfaction and earnings at multiple scales, we provide a direct empirical test of which scale matters the most and whether the effects vary between outcomes. Our identification strategy combines rich longitudinal information on individual characteristics, family background and initial job conditions for England and Wales with econometric estimators that address residential sorting bias, and we compare results for individuals living in choice-restricted social housing with results for those living in self-selected privately rented housing. We find that the effect of neighbourhood deprivation on life satisfaction and wages is negative for both outcomes and largely explained by strong residential sorting on both individual and neighbourhood characteristics rather than a genuine causal effect. We also find that the results overall do not vary by neighbourhood scale.

Keywords: demographics; employment/labour; life satisfaction; longitudinal analysis; neighbourhood; poverty/exclusion; äººå £ç»Ÿè®¡; 就业/劳动; ç”Ÿæ´»æ»¡æ„ åº¦; çºµå ‘åˆ†æž; 街区; è´«å›°/排斥 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2021
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations: View citations in EconPapers (1) Track citations by RSS feed

Downloads: (external link) (text/html)

Related works:
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.

Export reference: BibTeX RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan) HTML/Text

Persistent link:

DOI: 10.1177/0042098020956930

Access Statistics for this article

More articles in Urban Studies from Urban Studies Journal Limited
Bibliographic data for series maintained by SAGE Publications ().

Page updated 2022-03-26
Handle: RePEc:sae:urbstu:v:58:y:2021:i:13:p:2640-2659