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Selected problems of organizing semantic networks on the example of the amelioration of bibliographical records

Aleksander Z. Wassilew and Joanna Papińska-Kacperek
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Aleksander Z. Wassilew: Szkoła Główna Handlowa w Warszawie, Instytut Informatyki i Gospodarki Cyfrowej.
Joanna Papińska-Kacperek: Uniwersytet Łódzki, Katedra Informatyki.

Collegium of Economic Analysis Annals, 2019, issue 54, 255-266

Abstract: Information systems operate on digital data in formal systems. Like a syntax machine, they are able to analyse the “correctness” only on the syntactic level. The analysis of the semantics or meaning requires the intervention of human factors. The meaning of the words (or constructed sentences) is strictly related to the used natural language. Throughout the history of the dynamic world, the languages have evolved and the words have changed their meaning – it is called the semantic change (shift). The tagging in the semantic Internet is based on a library’s experience. A book’s data (the author, the title, the keywords and so on) linked by semantic relationships in the bibliographical records are a particular case of a semantic network. The bibliographical records require an amelioration (better ordering, refining) by librarians. This is illustrated in a few cases taken from practice. The main goal of this article is to consider the general semantic problems, semantic changes (shifts) in the languages, and the role of human factors for the amelioration of the bibliographical records.

Keywords: language evolution; semantic changes/shifts; bibliographical records; amelioration of data (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2019
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Handle: RePEc:sgh:annals:i:54:y:2019:p:255-266