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Analiza emisji zanieczyszczen sektora energetyczno-przemyslowego z wykorzystaniem rozmytego analitycznego procesu hierarchicznego i metody TOPSIS (Analysis of pollution emission of the energy-industrial sector with use the fuzzy analytic hierarchy process and TOPSIS method)

Dominika Siwiec () and Andrzej Pacana ()
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Dominika Siwiec: Wydzial Budowy Maszyn i Lotnictwa, Politechnika Rzeszowska im.Ignacego Lukasiewicza
Andrzej Pacana: Wydzial Budowy Maszyn i Lotnictwa, Politechnika Rzeszowska im.Ignacego Lukasiewicza

Research Reports, 2020, vol. 2, issue 33, 32-45

Abstract: Greenhouse gas emissions (in it CO2), mainly with reference to the energy and industrial sector, generate negative changes in the natural environment. Therefore, to make effective actions in order to reduce this emission, it is important to analyze them properly. Therefore, the aim of the article was to propose using a technique to analyze the emissions of pollutants, included at the same time the size and harmfulness of emissions produced. This technique was a fuzzy analytic hierarchy process (FAHP, Fuzzy Analytic Hierarchy Process) and TOPSIS method (Technique for Order Preference by Similarity to an Ideal Solution). The proposed technique was tested on current, available statistic data from the Central Statistical Office, on emissions of air pollutants in Poland in the 2018 year, according to PKD section. As part of testing the technique, it was specified which of plants according to PKD section has the biggest influence in pollutant the air, with simultaneous consideration of the size and harmfulness of generated emissions. Although that obtained results arise from subjective assessments of the entity using the technique, it was shown that this technique allows analyzed the pollution emissions, by including at the same time the size and harmfulness of emission. In turn of the subjectivity of assessments partly was reduced by the fuzzy Saaty scale. Using the proposed FAHP technique and the TOPSIS method, it has been shown that it is possible to perform a subjective assessment of the harmfulness of pollutant emissions and to integrate them with actual data, e.g. with data from the Central Statistical Office. Therefore, the proposed technique is a new approach to analyse emissions pollutions, in it CO2, whose reduction, as indicated, is a current global problem.

Keywords: fuzzy analytic hierarchy process; TOPSIS; pollution emission; pollution reduction (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: Q01 Q51 Q53 Q54 Q56 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2020
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