Female access to fertile land and other inputs in Zambia: why women get lower yields
William Burke (),
Serena Li () and
Dingiswayo Banda ()
Additional contact information
Serena Li: Stanford University
Dingiswayo Banda: Mulungushi House
Agriculture and Human Values, 2018, vol. 35, issue 4, 761-775
Abstract Throughout the developing world, it is a well-documented fact that women farmers tend to get lower yields than their male counterparts. Typically this is attributed to disproportionate access to high-quality inputs and labor, with some even arguing there could be a skills-gap stemming from unbalanced access to training and education. This article examines the gender-based yield gap in the context of Zambian maize producers. In addition to the usual drivers, we argue that Zambia’s patriarchal and multi-tiered land distribution system could disfavor women with respect to accessing quality soils. We are uniquely able to control for soil characteristics using farm data from a sample of 1573 fields with accompanying soil analysis. We find an expected difference in yields, but no evidence of a gap in unobserved characteristics, like skill, after controlling for access to inputs, especially quality soil, suggesting women are indeed disproportionately disadvantaged. We discuss how our findings could be used to develop self-targeting policy interventions that could empower women and would be consistent with the government’s stated equity goals.
Keywords: Gender yield gap; Productivity; Soil quality; Sub-Saharan Africa; Zambia (search for similar items in EconPapers)
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations: View citations in EconPapers (1) Track citations by RSS feed
Downloads: (external link)
http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s10460-018-9872-6 Abstract (text/html)
Access to the full text of the articles in this series is restricted.
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.
Export reference: BibTeX
RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan)
Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:spr:agrhuv:v:35:y:2018:i:4:d:10.1007_s10460-018-9872-6
Ordering information: This journal article can be ordered from
Access Statistics for this article
Agriculture and Human Values is currently edited by Harvey S. James Jr.
More articles in Agriculture and Human Values from Springer, The Agriculture, Food, & Human Values Society (AFHVS)
Bibliographic data for series maintained by Sonal Shukla ().