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An Updated Systematic Review of Studies Mapping (or Cross-Walking) Measures of Health-Related Quality of Life to Generic Preference-Based Measures to Generate Utility Values

Clara Mukuria (), Donna Rowen, Sue Harnan, Andrew Rawdin, Ruth Wong, Roberta Ara and John Brazier
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Clara Mukuria: University of Sheffield
Donna Rowen: University of Sheffield
Sue Harnan: University of Sheffield
Andrew Rawdin: University of Sheffield
Ruth Wong: University of Sheffield
Roberta Ara: University of Sheffield
John Brazier: University of Sheffield

Applied Health Economics and Health Policy, 2019, vol. 17, issue 3, No 4, 295-313

Abstract: Abstract Background Mapping is an increasingly common method used to predict instrument-specific preference-based health-state utility values (HSUVs) from data obtained from another health-related quality of life (HRQoL) measure. There have been several methodological developments in this area since a previous review up to 2007. Objective To provide an updated review of all mapping studies that map from HRQoL measures to target generic preference-based measures (EQ-5D measures, SF-6D, HUI measures, QWB, AQoL measures, 15D/16D/17D, CHU-9D) published from January 2007 to October 2018. Data sources A systematic review of English language articles using a variety of approaches: searching electronic and utilities databases, citation searching, targeted journal and website searches. Study selection Full papers of studies that mapped from one health measure to a target preference-based measure using formal statistical regression techniques. Data extraction Undertaken by four authors using predefined data fields including measures, data used, econometric models and assessment of predictive ability. Results There were 180 papers with 233 mapping functions in total. Mapping functions were generated to obtain EQ-5D-3L/EQ-5D-5L-EQ-5D-Y (n = 147), SF-6D (n = 45), AQoL-4D/AQoL-8D (n = 12), HUI2/HUI3 (n = 13), 15D (n = 8) CHU-9D (n = 4) and QWB-SA (n = 4) HSUVs. A large number of different regression methods were used with ordinary least squares (OLS) still being the most common approach (used ≥ 75% times within each preference-based measure). The majority of studies assessed the predictive ability of the mapping functions using mean absolute or root mean squared errors (n = 192, 82%), but this was lower when considering errors across different categories of severity (n = 92, 39%) and plots of predictions (n = 120, 52%). Conclusions The last 10 years has seen a substantial increase in the number of mapping studies and some evidence of advancement in methods with consideration of models beyond OLS and greater reporting of predictive ability of mapping functions.

Date: 2019
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DOI: 10.1007/s40258-019-00467-6

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