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A Measure of Child Exposure to Household Material Deprivation: Empirical Evidence from the Portuguese Eu-Silc

Maria Eugénia Ferrão (), Amélia Bastos and Maria Teresa G. Alves
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Maria Eugénia Ferrão: Universidade da Beira Interior
Maria Teresa G. Alves: Federal University of Minas Gerais (Brazil)

Child Indicators Research, 2021, vol. 14, issue 1, No 9, 217-237

Abstract: Abstract Although monitoring and evaluating child poverty has been recognized as important, there is little statistical information focused on children. Because the annual EU-Statistics on Income and Living Conditions (EU-SILC) survey does not include child-specific information on an annual basis, this study proposes a measure of child exposure to household material deprivation based on this dataset. The study considers four domains of deprivation that have a direct impact on child development: housing conditions, household financial capacity, household durable goods, and environmental living conditions. Although developing a child-centered measurement of child deprivation is important, the EU-SILC considers the household as the unit of measurement. Therefore, our proposal is household-based, allowing annual monitoring of children’s exposure to deprivation—an important insight for social policy purposes to tackle the problem of child poverty. Using the 2017 Portuguese sample, we applied graded response models to assess the psychometric properties of the EU-SILC items and fit separate indexes per domain and the composite index. Item selection was based on their characteristic curves and information functions. The results allow for the selection of more informative items for every domain to obtain the composite index. In general, the empirical analysis confirmed the theoretical approach for item selection. The methodology may be directly applied to the full EU dataset or to each country individually.

Keywords: Child deprivation; Child development; Graded response model; Household poverty (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: I32 J12 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2021
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Citations: View citations in EconPapers (1)

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DOI: 10.1007/s12187-020-09754-4

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