EconPapers    
Economics at your fingertips  
 

Emigration’s Heterogeneous Impact on Children’s Wellbeing in Punjab, Pakistan

Rabia Arif, Theresa Chaudhry and Azam Chaudhry

Child Indicators Research, 2023, vol. 16, issue 3, No 14, 1295 pages

Abstract: Abstract We investigate the impact of the migration of a household member who is potentially a caregiver on child health and schooling outcomes in Pakistan. We use micro-level cross-sectional data on more than 600,000 children from multiple rounds of the UN’s Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey (MICS) dataset from 2008–2018 for Punjab province. We implement a new instrumental variable to address the endogeneity of the migration decision, comprising a triple interaction of nighttime light intensity of the major destination countries, historic migration rates at the district level, and the number of adult males in a household. The absence of the migrating member of the household negatively (positively) affects younger (older) children: the short-term nutritional status of children under age five is harmed, while children aged 5–17 are more likely to be enrolled in school. These results are robust to the inclusion of controls for mother, child, and household characteristics, in addition to location and survey year fixed effects. The negative impact on nutritional status for children under five years is smaller for boys in urban areas, in wealthier households, and in households with more educated mothers. However, the positive impact of migration on schooling outcomes is driven by girls, families in rural areas, and wealthier households.

Keywords: Migration; Child development; Health Outcomes; Schooling Outcomes (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: D03 D04 E22 I21 J13 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2023
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations:

Downloads: (external link)
http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s12187-023-10014-4 Abstract (text/html)
Access to the full text of the articles in this series is restricted.

Related works:
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.

Export reference: BibTeX RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan) HTML/Text

Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:spr:chinre:v:16:y:2023:i:3:d:10.1007_s12187-023-10014-4

Ordering information: This journal article can be ordered from
http://www.springer. ... f-life/journal/12187

DOI: 10.1007/s12187-023-10014-4

Access Statistics for this article

Child Indicators Research is currently edited by Asher Ben-Arieh

More articles in Child Indicators Research from Springer, The International Society of Child Indicators (ISCI)
Bibliographic data for series maintained by Sonal Shukla () and Springer Nature Abstracting and Indexing ().

 
Page updated 2024-07-01
Handle: RePEc:spr:chinre:v:16:y:2023:i:3:d:10.1007_s12187-023-10014-4