The Asymmetric Impact of War: Resilience, Vulnerability and Implications for EU Policy
Giuseppe Celi (),
Annamaria Simonazzi () and
Francesco Zezza ()
Additional contact information
Giuseppe Celi: Università degli Studi di Foggia
Annamaria Simonazzi: Sapienza University of Rome
Intereconomics: Review of European Economic Policy, 2022, vol. 57, issue 3, 141-147
Abstract In 2019, over 96% of EU27 oil needs, nearly 90% of natural gas and over 43% of solid fuels were met by net imports, with the largest share coming from Russia (35% of oil, 40% of natural gas and 20% of solid fuels consumed in EU27). The decline in the share of oil since 2016 was more than off-set by the increase in gas and solid fuels.
Keywords: F51; O52 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations: View citations in EconPapers (2) Track citations by RSS feed
Downloads: (external link)
http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s10272-022-1049-2 Abstract (text/html)
Access to the full text of the articles in this series is restricted.
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.
Export reference: BibTeX
RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan)
Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:spr:intere:v:57:y:2022:i:3:d:10.1007_s10272-022-1049-2
Ordering information: This journal article can be ordered from
Access Statistics for this article
Intereconomics: Review of European Economic Policy is currently edited by Christian Breuer
More articles in Intereconomics: Review of European Economic Policy from Springer, ZBW - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics, Centre for European Policy Studies (CEPS)
Bibliographic data for series maintained by Sonal Shukla () and Springer Nature Abstracting and Indexing ().