Corporate financialization’s conservation and transformation: from Mark I to Mark II
Tristan Auvray (),
Joel Rabinovich () and
Cecilia Rikap ()
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Tristan Auvray: CEPN, Université Sorbonne Paris Nord
Cecilia Rikap: Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Ténicas (CONICET)
Review of Evolutionary Political Economy, 2021, vol. 2, issue 3, 431-457
Abstract This paper argues that, as far as the investment behavior of non-financial corporations is concerned, the apparent continuity over the last four decades suggested by the corporate financialization label is misleading. Indeed, while the disconnection between profitability and investment is a robust stylized fact for most of the period, with cumulative detrimental consequences for labor, we contend that the underlying mechanisms changed meaningfully at the turn of the millennium. This contribution identifies—empirically and theoretically—two distinct successive corporate financialization regimes (Mark I and Mark II) and explains their evolutionary articulation. Financialization Mark I is characterized by the empowerment of financial actors: in a context of high interest rates and full-blown liberalization, diminishing retained earnings by non-financial corporations resulted in a dramatic slowdown of investment. Contrastingly, Financialization Mark II is characterized by a strongly established financial hegemony with new forms of intellectual and financial monopoly. In this configuration, interest rates are low and global value chains are deeply seated. This fuels rampant deflationary pressure, which changes the overall dynamic of the profit-investment nexus. Then, in Financialization Mark II, contrary to what occurred during Financialization Mark I, distributed profits are the consequence of slow investment.
Keywords: Financialization regimes; Investment-profit nexus; Payout; Globalization: Intellectual monopoly; Asset managers (search for similar items in EconPapers)
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