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Export taxes, food prices and poverty: a global CGE evaluation

Jayson Beckman (), Carmen Estrades () and Angel Aguiar
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Angel Aguiar: Purdue University

Food Security: The Science, Sociology and Economics of Food Production and Access to Food, 2019, vol. 11, issue 1, 233-247

Abstract: Abstract Export restrictions, such as export taxes, have increased over the last ten years. In addition, export taxes often occur when food prices are high and/or volatile. As such, export taxes have received a lot of attention in the literature, but these studies tend to examine only a single commodity or country. This study seeks to provide more detail into the linkages among export taxes, trade, food prices, and poverty by utilizing a global economic model with detail on export tax occurrence in agriculture. Results show that export taxes do not have a widespread impact on international agricultural prices, but rather that the impact is concentrated in few goods: wheat, coarse grains, and beef. Removing export taxes would benefit regions currently applying taxes through an increase in production and exports and a reduction in poverty. In other regions, which are major agricultural exporters, an increase in competition of exports in international markets could lead to a fall in domestic prices. Our analysis does not find a significant impact of export tax removal on poverty, except among some export tax imposing countries for which poverty falls as a consequence of the removal of export taxes. These results highlight the need to consider the general equilibrium effects of the removal of export taxes.

Keywords: Export taxes; Agricultural prices; CGE; Poverty (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2019
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