Food security in Iraq: results from quantitative and qualitative surveys
Eckart Woertz ()
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Eckart Woertz: CIDOB (Barcelona Centre for International Affairs)
Food Security: The Science, Sociology and Economics of Food Production and Access to Food, 2017, vol. 9, issue 3, 511-522
Abstract Iraq’s food security has been profoundly affected by its oil-based economy, over three decades of conflict and its politics that have been shaped by authoritarian rentierism. The article outlines the political economy of food security in Iraq and how it has been shaped historically. It identifies various conditioning factors such as oil, conflict, environment, agricultural development strategies and institutional setups, such as the Public Distribution System (PDS), the world’s largest public food program. It then disentangles these factors in an analysis of data from Gallup, Iraq Body Count and various international organizations to give an appreciation of the Iraqi food security situation since the end of the Saddam regime. Finally, it takes a look at views of Iraqi experts on current food security issues in Iraq, using the results of an online survey that was conducted from May–October 2015 among 152 Iraqi experts from academia, ministries and NGOs. Iraqis overwhelmingly identify political instability and bad governance as major challenges to food security; it is unlikely that mere technocratic policy prescriptions can improve food security in the absence of political stability and improved governance.
Keywords: Food security; Agriculture; Iraq; Middle East; Authoritarianism; Isis (search for similar items in EconPapers)
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