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Yield effects of rust-resistant wheat varieties in Ethiopia

Zewdu Abro (), Moti Jaleta () and Matin Qaim ()
Additional contact information
Moti Jaleta: International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center (CIMMYT)
Matin Qaim: University of Goettingen

Food Security: The Science, Sociology and Economics of Food Production and Access to Food, 2017, vol. 9, issue 6, 1343-1357

Abstract: Abstract Breeding crops for disease resistance is a sustainable approach to reduce yield losses. While significant research on the adoption and impacts of improved crop varieties exists, most studies have analyzed yield effects in general without distinguishing between different varietal traits and characteristics. Here, panel data from wheat farmers in Ethiopia were used to compare improved varieties that are resistant to stripe rust (caused by Puccinia striiformis f. sp. tritici) with improved susceptible and traditional susceptible varieties. Production function estimates suggest that improved resistant varieties raise effective yields by 8% in comparison to local susceptible varieties. The yield difference between improved resistant and improved susceptible varieties is positive but small because rust levels were not very high in the years under study. However, under drought and other abiotic stresses, improved varieties – with and without resistance to stripe rust – performed notably worse than local varieties. The worse performance under abiotic stress may explain why many farmers have recently switched back to growing traditional varieties. Sustainable adoption needs a combination of various traits in the same varieties, including high yield potential, grain quality, disease resistance and tolerance to drought and other production stresses.

Keywords: Disease resistance; Breeding; Wheat rust; Yield; Technology adoption; Africa (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2017
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