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The role of ethnic diversity in sustainable environmental growth: new evidence across different income regions

Sefa Awaworyi Churchill, Kris Ivanovski and Mita Bhattacharya ()

Applied Economics, 2019, vol. 51, issue 4, 398-408

Abstract: We examine the relationship between ethnic diversity and environmental quality, proxied by carbon dioxide ($${\rm C{O_2}}$$CO2) emissions. Ethnic diversity is captured using indices of ethnic fractionalization. Adopting a supply-demand framework which introduces a model for economic growth, we find that ethnic fractionalization reduces $${\rm C{O_2}}$$CO2 emissions. The negative effect of ethnic diversity on $${\rm C{O_2}}$$CO2 emissions is also consistent across middle and low-income countries as well as high-income countries. However, results suggest that ethnic diversity has a negative effect on growth in middle and low-income countries, but a positive effect on growth in high-income countries. Our findings prove robust to alternative estimation methods.

Date: 2019
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DOI: 10.1080/00036846.2018.1497854

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