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Beyond GDP: an analysis of the socio-economic diversity of European regions

Kassoum Ayouba, Julie Le Gallo () and Andrés Vallone

Applied Economics, 2020, vol. 52, issue 9, 1010-1029

Abstract: This paper aims to analyze the socioeconomic diversity of the European Union (EU-28) regions from a dynamic perspective. For that purpose, we combine a series of exploratory space-time analysis approaches to multiple Factor Analysis (MFA) applied to a large range of indicators collected at the NUTS-2 level for the period 2000–2015 for the EU-28. First, we find that the first factor of MFA, interpreted as economic development (ECO-DEV), is spatially clustered and that a moderate convergence process is at work between European regions from 2000 to 2015. Second, when comparing these results with those obtained for Gross Domestic Product (GDP) per capita, we show that the convergence pattern detected with GDP per capita is more pronounced: ECO-DEV adjusts slower over time compared to GDP per capita. Third, pictures provided by the remaining interesting factors, capturing educational attainment, population dynamics and employment, are very different.

Date: 2020
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Working Paper: Beyond GDP: an analysis of the socio-economic diversity of European regions (2020)
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DOI: 10.1080/00036846.2019.1646885

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