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Is there an educational penalty for being suspended from school?

Deborah Cobb-Clark (), Sonja C. Kassenboehmer, Trinh Le (), Duncan McVicar () and Rong Zhang
Authors registered in the RePEc Author Service: Sonja Cornelia de New

Education Economics, 2015, vol. 23, issue 4, 376-395

Abstract: Suspension from school is a commonly used, yet controversial, school disciplinary measure. This paper uses unique survey data to estimate the impact of suspension on the educational outcomes of those suspended. It finds that while suspension is strongly associated with educational outcomes, the relationship is unlikely to be causal, but rather likely stems from differences in the characteristics of those suspended compared to those not suspended. Moreover, there is no evidence that suspension is associated with larger educational penalties for young people from disadvantaged family backgrounds compared to those from more advantaged family backgrounds. These results hold regardless of whether self-reported suspension or mother-reported suspension is considered. The absence of a clear negative causal impact of suspension on educational outcomes suggests that suspension may continue to play a role in school discipline without harming the educational prospects of those sanctioned.

Date: 2015
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Working Paper: Is There an Educational Penalty for Being Suspended from School? (2013) Downloads
Working Paper: Is There an Educational Penalty for Being Suspended from School? (2013) Downloads
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DOI: 10.1080/09645292.2014.980398

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