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Patent portfolio analysis of cities: statistics and maps of technological inventiveness

Dieter Kogler (), Gaston Heimeriks () and Loet Leydesdorff ()

European Planning Studies, 2018, vol. 26, issue 11, 2256-2278

Abstract: Cities can be considered as engines of the knowledge-based economy, because they are the primary sites of knowledge production activities that subsequently shape the rate and direction of technological change and economic growth. Patents provide rich information to analyse the knowledge specialization of specific places, such as technological details and information on inventors and entities involved. The technology codes attributed at the level of individual patent documents can be used to indicate the diversity and scope of the knowledge claims underlying a specific invention. In this study we introduce tools for portfolio analysis in terms of patents that provide insights into the technological specialization of cities. The mapping and analysis of patent portfolios of cities exploits data derived from the Unites States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO) and dedicated tools (at https://leydesdorff.net/software/patents/). The results allow policy makers and other stakeholders to identify promising areas of further knowledge development, including smart specialization strategies.

Date: 2018
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DOI: 10.1080/09654313.2018.1530147

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