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Spatial Variation in Labour Productivity in British Manufacturing

Daniel Graham ()

International Review of Applied Economics, 2000, vol. 14, issue 3, 323-341

Abstract: This paper identifies factors underpinning spatial variation in manufacturing labour productivity in Britain at the county level, examining the relative influences of spatial external effects, the degree of capital intensity, industrial structure, and labour force 'quality'. In doing so, it sets out to test the hypothesis that spatial external economies are not only derived from the immediate environment but also exist over more dispersed areas, such that they can be enjoyed by firms in locations outside major centres. The results show that locational externalities continue to have a very small impact on spatial variation in manufacturing labour productivity in Britain. The really large and instrumental effects arise from variation in capital to labour ratios, industrial structure, and labour force characteristics.

Date: 2000
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DOI: 10.1080/02692170050084060

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