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A Functional Varying-Coefficient Single-Index Model for Functional Response Data

Jialiang Li, Chao Huang and Zhub Hongtu

Journal of the American Statistical Association, 2017, vol. 112, issue 519, 1169-1181

Abstract: Motivated by the analysis of imaging data, we propose a novel functional varying-coefficient single-index model (FVCSIM) to carry out the regression analysis of functional response data on a set of covariates of interest. FVCSIM represents a new extension of varying-coefficient single-index models for scalar responses collected from cross-sectional and longitudinal studies. An efficient estimation procedure is developed to iteratively estimate varying coefficient functions, link functions, index parameter vectors, and the covariance function of individual functions. We systematically examine the asymptotic properties of all estimators including the weak convergence of the estimated varying coefficient functions, the asymptotic distribution of the estimated index parameter vectors, and the uniform convergence rate of the estimated covariance function and their spectrum. Simulation studies are carried out to assess the finite-sample performance of the proposed procedure. We apply FVCSIM to investigate the development of white matter diffusivities along the corpus callosum skeleton obtained from Alzheimer’s Disease Neuroimaging Initiative (ADNI) study. Supplementary material for this article is available online.

Date: 2017
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