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Foreign direct investment and employment: host country experience

Joshua Abor and Simon Harvey

Macroeconomics and Finance in Emerging Market Economies, 2008, vol. 1, issue 2, 213-225

Abstract: This study investigates the effect of foreign direct investment (FDI) on employment creation and wages in Ghana. A simultaneous panel regression model is used in estimating the effect FDI has on employment and wages. The results of this study indicate that FDI has a statistically significant and positive effect on employment levels in Ghana, but has an insignificant effect on wages. FDI can greatly augment domestic efforts by creating more jobs in the economy. The results clearly demonstrate that FDI flows affect employment quantitatively, but not necessarily qualitatively. The study identifies other factors including, productivity, wages, sub-sector, and location as important in influencing employment levels. Also, productivity, labour union, firm size, sub-sector, and location are noted as significant in affecting wages in Ghana. The main value of this paper is in respect of the fact that it provides insight into the effects of FDI flow on employment from a host country perspective. The study recommends that FDI should be considered as an integral part of the Ghanaian economic policy in order to spur on economic growth.

Keywords: foreign direct investment; employment; wages; Ghana (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2008
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DOI: 10.1080/17520840802323224

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