Economics at your fingertips  

Factors Affecting School Attendance and Implications for Student Achievement by Gender in Nepal

Niroj Bhattarai, Alexandra Bernasek and Anita Alves Pena

Review of Political Economy, 2020, vol. 32, issue 2, 259-282

Abstract: Gender–sensitive secondary school attendance and achievement data in developing countries is limited. We conduct an original survey of 8th, 9th and 10th grade students in urban and rural Nepal. We examine factors affecting attendance rates and document associations across genders. For both genders, we find higher attendance in urban compared with rural areas, with home ownership (a proxy for wealth), and with fines for absence from school; conversely, we find lower attendance with more students per school computer. For girls, we find lower attendance with age (at an increasing rate) and higher attendance for those with younger siblings. For boys, important factors include higher attendance with number of cars in the family (related to wealth and transportation), with time spent studying and with having an educated mother; boys have lower attendance with more siblings and the number of motorcycles. We link attendance to test scores and find evidence supporting a positive relationship, confirming linkages from attendance to human capital and capabilities. Finally, we provide qualitative evidence from a complementary focus group on cultural attitudes and practices. Our results point to specific gender–neutral and gender sensitive factors for making progress towards providing all children quality education in Nepal.

Date: 2020
References: Add references at CitEc
Citations: Track citations by RSS feed

Downloads: (external link) (text/html)
Access to full text is restricted to subscribers.

Related works:
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.

Export reference: BibTeX RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan) HTML/Text

Persistent link:

Ordering information: This journal article can be ordered from

DOI: 10.1080/09538259.2020.1769296

Access Statistics for this article

Review of Political Economy is currently edited by Steve Pressman and Louis-Philippe Rochon

More articles in Review of Political Economy from Taylor & Francis Journals
Bibliographic data for series maintained by Chris Longhurst ().

Page updated 2020-10-08
Handle: RePEc:taf:revpoe:v:32:y:2020:i:2:p:259-282